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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 100-108

Oral health intervention program among primary school children at El-Qalyubia Governorate


Community Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Eman M Seif El-Nasr
Department of Community Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Cairo University, Cairo
Egypt
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ENJ.ENJ_15_17

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Background Oral health is a major public health issue affecting all groups of the population. Poor oral health during childhood is directly associated with poor oral health outcomes during childhood and throughout adulthood. Aim The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of an Oral Health Intervention Program among primary school children. Patients and methods A quasiexperimental study was used to fulfill the aim of the study. This study was conducted at two experimental schools in El-Qaliubiya Governorate. A purposive sample of all students in the fifth grade who fulfilled the inclusion criteria from the two schools was included in the study. Two tools were developed: the oral health structured interviewing questionnaire, which included two parts (personal data and oral health knowledge), and observational checklist for oral hygiene practice. Results The results revealed that the mean age of the study participants was 10.63±0.63. As regards the causes of tooth decay, 50 and 66%, respectively, recognized the causes before and after the intervention program, and 33 and 63%, respectively, identified the consequences of tooth decay before and after the intervention program. A highly statistically significant difference was found between the study participant’s total knowledge before and that after the intervention program (P<0.000), and a highly statistically significant difference was found between study participant’s practices of oral hygiene before and that after the intervention program (P<0.000). Conclusion Primary school children represent a high-risk group for oral health problems, and this study indicated that the oral health intervention program was effective in increasing knowledge and practices toward oral health. Recommendations It is recommended to empower periodic screening for school students to detect oral problems, disseminate the oral health intervention program to parents, school teachers, and nurses for early detection of student’s dental problems, and connect to referral system for care, which is integrated in school insurance program.


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