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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 259-268

Vascular complications and risk factors among patients undergoing cardiac catheterization

Critical Care and Emergency Nursing Department, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Mohamed El Sayed Ebeed
El Manial University Hospital, postal code, 11562
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2090-6021.233668

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Aim and objectives The aim of the present study was to investigate the incidence of vascular complications and risk factors for vascular complications among patients undergoing the cardiac catheterization procedure. Background Cardiac catheterization is one of the most crucial methods to assess and manage coronary artery diseases. Although it has a reduced morbidity and mortality, this invasive procedure is not free of complications. Methods The descriptive exploratory design was used in this study. Demographic data, medical history and vascular complication assessment data were collected from a convenience sample of 100 patients, who underwent cardiac catheterization via the femoral artery. Results Incidence of minor vascular complications revealed that the studied individuals had femoral oozing before sheath removal and femoral ecchymosis after sheath removal. Regarding the incidence of major vascular complications, the studied individuals had femoral haematoma after sheath removal. The common factors that placed patients at a greater risk for developing vascular complications were old age, female sex, illiteracy, and non-ST elevation myocardial infarction. Conclusion The current study concluded that the most common vascular complications were oozing before sheath removal, and ecchymosis and haematoma after sheath removal, and the common risk factors for vascular complications were old age, female sex, increased BMI and femoral sheath size.

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