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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 1-8

Occupational hazards and quality of life among fertilizer factory workers in Assiut City


Department of Community Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Fayza M Mohammed
Department of Community Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Assiut University, Assiut
Egypt
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ENJ.ENJ_31_17

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Background Occupational hazards are the major source of morbidity and mortality among the factory workers owing to exposure to many hazardous situations in their daily practices. Aim This study aimed to identify the relation between the occupational hazards and quality of life (QOL) among fertilizer factory workers in Assiut City. Participants and methods A descriptive study design was used. The study was conducted in a fertilizer factory. This factory was located in the west of Assiut (Manqbad Center). The sample size was 362 workers selected by convenient sampling. The study includes two tools: tool I had interview questionnaires and included three parts − part 1 included personal data, part 2 had past and present medical history, and part 3 had questions to assess occupational hazards − whereas tool II comprised QOL questionnaire. Results The study revealed that more than half of workers did not know the problems of noise, whereas more than half of them knew accident exposure is one of the problems of inadequate lighting, and most workers mentioned that bad ventilation caused respiratory problems. Most workers noticed that the accidents or injuries and respiratory problems are considered the problems occurring owing mechanical and chemical hazards exposure, respectively. Moreover, more than half of the workers had moderate level of QOL. Conclusion The study concluded that there was statistically significant difference between QOL and workers’ complaints (skin problems and allergy symptoms, poisoning, headache, nausea and vomiting, fainting, osteoporosis, and anemia). Moreover, there was statistically significant difference between QOL of workers and physical (noisy and ventilation), mechanical, and chemical hazards. The study recommends that regular medical checkups for workers and more research studies regarding occupational hazards must be done.


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