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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 30-38

The effect of peer education on adolescent students’ knowledge and performance of breast self-examination


1 Department of Women’s Health and Maternity Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Kafrelsheikh University, Kafr El-Sheikh, Egypt
2 Department of Maternal & Newborn Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Helwan University, Helwan, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Hala A El Fttah Ali
Department of Women’s Health and Maternity Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Kafrelsheikh University, Kafr El-Sheikh
Egypt
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ENJ.ENJ_39_17

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Background Awareness of breast cancer causes and the screening program can help in reduction of morbidity and mortality among women. Aim The aim of this study was to examine the effect of peer education on adolescent students’ knowledge and performance of breast self-examination (BSE). Methods A quasi-experimental study (pretest and post-test evaluations) was conducted. The study was conducted at the Faculty of Nursing, Kafrelsheikh University. A convenience sample of all students (260 peer students) from third level of Faculty of Nursing was recruited for the study. The students were divided equally into two groups: group 1 was assigned to individual education and group 2 was assigned to group education. The study was conducted from the first of December 2016 to the end of February 2017. Three tools were used to collect the data: a personal data record, BSE knowledge questionnaire, and BSE performance checklist. Results Despite the satisfactory knowledge level between the two groups did not differ significantly at baseline evaluation, the satisfactory knowledge level was reported to be more enhanced among the students in the education group than in the individual education group after intervention. The frequency of adequate performance of BSE did not differ significantly between the studied groups at baseline; however, after intervention, the frequency of adequate performance of BSE was significantly higher in the students in the group education group. The level of mother education significantly affected the knowledge and the performance level in the study groups. After intervention, the students with educated mother had significantly higher frequency of satisfactory knowledge level than students with uneducated mother in the individual education group and also in the group education group. Conclusion The peer education positively affects the knowledge and performance level of BSE of adolescent students. Recommendation Peer educational programs based on BSE should be propagated for various age groups to raise public awareness and achieve generalization about breast cancer prevention.


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