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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 50-61

Effect of instructional guidelines on mothers of children with conjunctivitis

1 Lecturer of Pediatric Nursing, El-Fayoum Faculty of Nursing
2 Assistant Professor of Community Health Nursing, Helwan Faculty of Nursing
3 Lecturer of Community Health Nursing, Helwan Faculty of Nursing

Correspondence Address:
Azza El-Sayed Ali Hegazy
Lecturer of Pediatric Nursing, El-Fayoum Faculty of Nursing

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ENJ.ENJ_36_17

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Background Conjunctivitis is a common infection especially among children younger than 5 years. Although conjunctivitis rarely results in permanent visual loss or structural damage, it causes discomfort and is highly contagious. This study aimed to assess, plan, implement, and evaluate the effect of instructional guidelines on knowledge and reported practices of mothers regarding care of their children with conjunctivitis. Patients and methods A pretest/post-test quasi-experimental research design was used. This study was conducted at the outpatient clinics of El-Fayoum Ophthalmic Hospital. The study participants included a random sample of 50 mothers having children with conjunctivitis attending the previously mentioned setting with their children at the time of this study. Tools used for data collection include: Mothers’ knowledge assessment sheet was used, which consisted of four parts: the first part included demographic characteristics of the children such as age, sex, birth order, residence, and crowding level; the second part included demographic characteristics of mothers such as age, educational level, working status, and health history of mothers; the third part included history of conjunctivitis in the studied children such as onset, source of infection, medical history, previous infection of the family members, and recurrent infection and its manifestation; and the fourth part included mothers’ knowledge about conjunctivitis throughout the guidelines phases such as definition, causes, clinical picture, mode of transmission, complications, prevention, and treatment. It also includes reported practices related to conjunctivitis throughout instructional guideline phases, such as practices related to use of personal protective measures to prevent spread of infection and alleviate symptoms. Results The main results revealed that there were highly statistically significant differences between before and after guidelines implementation. Conclusion The present study findings revealed that mothers had poor knowledge and unsatisfactory reported practices related to conjunctivitis and its management. Subsequently, they did not follow the correct instructions related to treatment. There was a positive effect of guidelines on improving knowledge and practices of the studied mothers. Recommendations Mothers’ classes and educational programs about management and prevention of conjunctivitis and its infection should be held at El-Fayoum Ophthalmic Hospital.

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