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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 62-70

Staff nurses expected role versus actual role at South Valley University


1 Department of Nursing Administration, Faculty of Nursing, South Valley University, Qena, Egypt
2 Department of Nursing Administration, Faculty of Nursing, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
3 Department of Nursing Administration, Faculty of Nursing, Beni Suef University, Beni Suef, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Azza Abd El Mawgod Abd El Hamid
Department of Nursing Administration, Faculty of Nursing, South Valley University, Qena
Egypt
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ENJ.ENJ_30_17

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Aim Of this study is to assess the expected roles of staff nurses versus their actual role. Background Nursing role and practice is based on specialized knowledge and skills derived from principles of basic, applied sciences, and standards of professional performance. Each individual within an organization should have a specified role, which is reflected in the job description. However, roles could be seen from AQ8 different perspectives. It can be looked at as the expectation of the focal persons, or the organization’s expectation which is reflected in the job description, or the role behavior of the focal person. To avoid overlapping functions among many different roles, there should be a clear written job description of a nurse’s role. Method A descriptive correlational research design was utilized on a sample of 42 nurses at the Medical and Surgical Departments at the university hospital. Two data collection tools for the medical and surgical units were developed by the investigator based on the related literature and guided by the developed job description from the Ministry of Health, to assess the staff nurses expected and actual roles. Results The study indicated that there was low expectation of the staff nurses to various dimensions of their role at the medical unit, and there was a statistically significant difference between the surgical staff nurses’ expectation of their role and their actual practice in their direct, indirect, and educational roles. When comparing the medical and surgical staff nurses’ total expectation of all dimensions of their role, there was low expectation of the staff nurses to various dimensions of their role for both medical and surgical units, but there were discrepancies for their direct, educational, and actual roles. A statistically significant difference between the staff nurses expectation of their role and their actual practice according to sex and their nursing qualifications, as the bachelor nurses have a higher mean score at their actual performance than the technical nurses, and female nurses have a higher mean score than male nurses. Conclusion It is recommended that there was a need for job description and it should be drawn up in consultation with the employees, to increase commitment, and to reduce role ambiguity. Also a systematic training policy should be established, with orientation programs and continuing educational courses.


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