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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 9-20

Lifestyle factors between fertile and infertile women at Assiut Women’s Health Hospital


Department of Obstetrics and Gynecological Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Entisar M Youness
Assistant Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecological Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Assiut University, Assiut
Egypt
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ENJ.ENJ_34_17

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Background Over the past few decades, many lifestyle factors have been increasingly evidenced to affect women’s fertility. Despite this evidence, many infertile women continue to ignore the importance of a healthy lifestyle on their reproductive health. Aim The aim of the study was to compare the lifestyle factors between fertile and infertile women. Patients and methods A descriptive comparative study design was used to conduct this study. A convenience sample of 200 women was recruited from Women’s Health Hospital, Assiut University. One hundred infertile women who were attending the infertility clinics were recruited as the study group and diagnosed as infertile, and another 100 fertile women who were attending the family planning clinic for seeking contraceptive services were taken as the control group. Tools of data collection included BMI, physical activity, nutrition status assessment, and smoking assessment. Results A highly statistically significant difference was found between fertile and infertile women in terms of physical activity and BMI, whereas nutritional status, cigarette smoking, and caffeine consumption showed no statistical significant difference between the groups. Conclusion Lifestyle factors significantly affected female fertility, as physical activity and BMI had a statistical significant difference between the groups. Recommendations The unhealthy lifestyle status of the infertile women must be modified through effective measures. Modifiable lifestyle factors should be applied to all women who are seeking infertility treatment to help them make positive changes in their lives and improve their chances of conceiving, that is, getting a healthy pregnancy and a live baby. Moreover, developing guidelines for healthy lifestyles would be a prudent step toward helping healthcare providers especially nurses to implement this aspect of preconceptional care.


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