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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 112-124

Faculties’ and nursing student’s compliance with seasonal influenza vaccination

Department of Community Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Alexandria University, Alexandria; College of Nursing, King Saud Bin Abdel Aziz University for Health Sciences, Jeddah, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Houaida A El Wogoud Helal
College of Nursing, King Saud Bin Abdel Aziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ENJ.ENJ_13_18

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Background Annual influenza vaccination was considered mandatory not only for health-care workers but for nursing students as well. Receiving the vaccine will help to decrease morbidity related to seasonal flu in health-care settings. Nursing faculties play a significant role as a model for their students as future nurses in attaining high level of compliance with the vaccine. Aim The study aimed to assess the faculties’ and nursing student’s compliance with seasonal influenza vaccination. Design This was a cross-sectional descriptive study. Setting The study was carried out during the 2 days’ flu vaccine campaign held in College of Nursing, Jeddah, King Saud Bin Abdel Aziz University, for health sciences in November 2016. Patients All students and faculty were recruited in the study. Tool An influenza vaccination’s compliance-structured questionnaire was used to collect data. Results Vaccination coverage rate was 60.9% among nursing students, while it was 43.3% among the faculty, 20% of total patients received the flu vaccine for the first time. The study revealed that the main reasons for receiving the vaccine were reduction of frequency and severity of flu attack after receiving vaccine in the previous years. However, the most common reasons for not being vaccinated were having concerns about vaccine safety, especially among pregnant students, negative personal experience, and known allergy to chicken eggs. In addition, the study revealed that the main source of information about the vaccine campaign was through the college announcement, either by e-mail or posters. Conclusion From the results of the current study, we can conclude that the immunization rate among students and faculty fall below the healthy people target, and their compliance was not related to their demographic characteristics. Recommendation The study recommended dissemination of information about vaccine safety and benefits among nursing students and faculties. Development of policy to mandate flu vaccine administration in nursing colleges should be enforced.

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