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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 144-155

Predicators of successful aging among academic emeritus

Department of Gerntological Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Basma S Abd El-Mottelb
Department of Gerntological Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Cairo University, Giza
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ENJ.ENJ_5_18

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Introduction Successful or healthy aging is a worldwide concept in gerontology. Older people such as academic emeritus can live healthy and can be economic contributors as well. They continue to be creative, grow, learn, have a network of friends and family, and share their experience in teaching, research, and community services. Gerntological health nurses can play a vital role in promoting health and well-being of the elderly by taking a holistic view of the biopsychosocial health predictors that contribute to successful aging. Aim The aim of this study was to assess the predictors of successful aging among Cairo University academic emeritus. Sample A convenience sample of 100 academic emeritus were selected. Setting The study was conducted in four health sciences sector faculties at Cairo University. An exploratory descriptive research design was utilized. Tool A structured successful aging questionnaire was developed that included three parts (personal characteristics, assessment of successful aging predictors such as physical health, mental/cognitive well-being, psychological well-being and social engagement, questions about what contributes to successful aging. Results The results of the study have shown that the majority of academic emeritus were independent, adopted a healthy lifestyle, maintained high resilience, have no depression or cognitive failure and have supportive social networks. Regression analysis showed that the age and total scores of successful aging predictors were significantly associated (P=0.000). Conclusion Physical independence, lifestyle, cognition, resilience, low depression, and social network contribute to successful aging. Recommendations Increase the awareness of the elderly about the predictors of successful aging through health education programs and replication of the study on a nationwide scale project.

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