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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 162-168

The impact of a hospital-based awareness program on the knowledge of pregnant women about hepatitis b virus

1 Department of Maternal and Newborn Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Beni Suef University, Beni Suef, Egypt
2 Department of Community Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Beni Suef University, Beni Suef, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Amany A Goda
Department of Maternal and Newborn Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Beni Suef University, Beni Suef
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ENJ.ENJ_12_18

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Background Pregnant women are at a higher risk of getting infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV) and may transmit the infection to their fetuses and newborns. The aim of this study was to evaluate and improve the knowledge of pregnant women about HBV. Patients and methods A convenient sample of 80 pregnant women attending the obstetric clinic of Beni Suef University Hospital participated in this educational program. The knowledge of women about HBV was first assessed by using an interview questionnaire. The awareness program included five sessions, each session focused on improving the awareness of the pregnant women over one aspect. Later, all women were assessed again over their knowledge about the five aspects using the same questionnaire. Results Baseline assessment showed that only 23.8% women had optimal knowledge about HBV, 32.5% about what HBV is, 27.5% about transmission, 25% about fetal complications, 23.8% about other complications, and 30% about prevention. Educated women, working women, and those residing in urban areas had better knowledge (P<0.05). After the awareness program, the knowledge of the pregnant women improved to 97.5% with optimal knowledge (P<0.001), 93.8% about the nature of HBV, 93.8% about transmission, 96.2% about fetal complications, 92.5% about other complications, and 97.5% about prevention. Conclusion This study found that there was a positive impact on the knowledge of pregnant women about HBV after taking the hospital-based awareness program. Recommendation Further research should focus on the effect of HBV awareness programs over the practice and attitudes of women towards HBV vaccination.

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