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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 101-114

Family health practices regarding household waste management in El-Zawia El-Hamra District

Department of Community Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Wafaa K Ibrahim
Lecturer of Community Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing Ain Shams University, Cairo, 11511
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ENJ.ENJ_7_19

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Background Household waste management is attracting growing attention, as it can be readily noted that too much trash lies uncollected on the roads, causing inconvenience, pollution of the environment, and posing a threat to public health. Aim The study aimed to evaluate the effect of a health awareness program on family knowledge and health practices regarding household waste management. Design A quasi-experimental design was used. Setting The study was conducted in El-Zawia El-Hamra District. Sample The number of families in El-Zawia El-Hamra District is ∼11 350 families. Overall, 2% of the total number of families was recruited in this study. The sample number is equal to 228 families (200+28 for pilot study) from the total actual sample. Purposive sample comprised 200 families in this study. Tools A structured interview questionnaire was used for data collection. It was divided into five parts: the first part included family’s sociodemographic data, the second part included the medical history of head of the family, the third part included family’s knowledge regarding household waste in El-Zawia El-Hamra area, the fourth part included family’s reported practices toward household waste management, and the fifth part included satisfaction of the family regarding El-Zawia El-Hamra District services and cleaning work in the region. Results The current study showed highly statistically significant differences between the families’ total knowledge and their reported practices before and after implementation of the health awareness program. Conclusion The application of health awareness program improved the families’ knowledge and their reported practices regarding household waste management. Recommendations Conducting of continuous health awareness programs for families on how to manage waste healthily in the larger neighborhoods of Greater Cairo the usage of the media, especially television, as it is the most effective means of information for families.

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