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Organizational attributes and its relation to organizational citizenship behavior among academic nursing staff
Marwa M Abdel Alim, Rasha I El-Sayed
January-April 2017, 14(1):25-30
Nowadays, there is persistent development and competition among educational institutions. To enhance their competitive advantage, nursing colleges should maintain a high level of citizenship behavior among their staff members.
The purpose of this study was to determine organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) among academic nursing staff and its relation to training and development, work–life policies, empowerment, commitment, and organizational trust in the nursing faculty at Port Said University.
Participants and methods
A descriptive corelational design was used in the present study. The sample consisted of 81 teaching staff. A structured questionnaire sheet was utilized for data collection.
The study results revealed that most academic staff have high OCB and that work–life policies have a positive correlation with OCB.
The study recommended that university and faculty management should reconsider their training programs and development opportunities and faculty management should provide favorable working conditions and improve work–life policies.
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Challenges and work crisis facing critical care nurses
Ghada S.K Mahran, Asmaa A.M Taher, Nadia M.A Saleh
September-December 2017, 14(3):235-241
Nursing turnover and shortage are acknowledged as worldwide issues. Therefore, understanding the challenges that faces the nurses and overcome these challenges is essential in retaining them. Study was aimed to assess the challenges and work crisis facing critical care nurses.
Subjects and Methods Research design
: A descriptive, exploratory, qualitative research design was used.
Trauma ICU, ICC unit, and general ICU at Assiut University Hospital.
(45) staff nurses.
Tool of data collection
A structured interview questionnaire consists of two parts; Personal characteristics and Challenges and Crisis Questionnaire Assessment tool through 2016.
About 68.88% of the study sample were aged between 20 and 30 years and were married, and 44.44% had experience of 1–5 years. 88.88% of them reported large number of patients in ICUs, 82.22% reported increase in workload and increased numbers of night shifts. 97.8% fear of the possibility of infection from patients and 73.3%, have conflict between nurses and doctors. (84.5%) recorded working atmosphere filled with tension and stress. (93.3%) have sense of responsibility for some of the equipment and materials, and some critical cases. (91.1%) had family life at risk.
Admission of a large number of patients in the ICUs, increase in workload, exposure means for family life owing to choose the profession of nursing, and stability in family life disorder because of increased working hours and long shift were the most common challenges facing nurses.
Training programs should be provided to develop coping skills among staff, and nurses’ mangers should take active steps to create positive work environment.
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Relationship between burden, psychological well-being, and social support among caregivers of mentally ill patients
Shadia Fathy Mahmoud Mohammed, Rehab Fathy Abdel Hady Ghaith
September-December 2018, 15(3):268-280
Family caregivers of patients with chronic mental illness experience psychological stresses. Such stresses affect the psychological well-being of relatives, who have moderately high levels of burden and frequently get inadequate support from mental health professionals.
The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between burden, psychological well-being, and social support among caregivers of mentally ill patients.
A descriptive correlational design was used in this study.
This study was conducted at the psychiatric outpatient clinic in Azzazi Psychiatric Mental Health Hospital at Abu Hammad in Sharkia Governorate.
A purposive sample of 150 mentally ill patients’ caregivers, who accompany their patients to the psychiatric outpatient clinics, was recruited.
Tools of data collection
Four tools were utilized for data collection: sociodemographic data sheets, family burden scale, psychological well-being scale, and multidimensional scale of perceived social support.
More than half of the caregivers aged from 40 to 60 years. Most of the patients were diagnosed as having schizophrenia. More than two-fifths of the caregivers were parents and had high level of burden. Nearly two-thirds had moderate level of psychological well-being, and approximately half of the caregivers had moderate level of social support.
There were negative statistically significant correlations among family burden, psychological well-being, and social support. However, a positive statistically significant correlation was detected between social support and psychological well-being.
It is recommended that training programs should be designed for caregivers to enhance psychological well-being and social support and decrease the level of burden among caregivers of mentally ill patients.
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Effect of educational intervention about first aid and ergonomics on improving bakery workers’ performance related to occupational hazards at Zagazig City
Gamalat M.A El-Ghany, Samia F Mahmoud
January-April 2019, 16(1):10-24
Workers in bakeries face many hazards in their work environment. Hazards have the potential for causing injury or illness.
The aim was to evaluate the effect of educational intervention about first aid and ergonomics on improving bakery workers’ performance related to occupational hazards at Zagazig City.
Materials and methods
A quasiexperimental design was used, and the period of study lasted from February to April 2018. The study was conducted at bakeries in Zagazig City. All workers in 20 bakeries, randomly chosen from 119 bakeries, were included as the study sample. Three tools were used: tool I was the interviewing questionnaire form that was designed to collect data related to demographic characteristics of the bakery workers, the hazards of job exposures inside bakeries as reported by bakers, and the health problems reported by bakers during the last six months of the study. Tool II was the interview questionnaire form that consists of two parts: knowledge of bakery workers about first aid and ergonomics before/after the intervention. Tool III was an observational checklist used to assess the bakery workers’ practices regarding first aid and practices regarding the ergonomic maneuvers and an observational checklist to evaluate work environment safety of the bakeries.
The greatest hazard related to job exposure inside the bakery as reported by the study sample was poor position (92.1%), and the lowest hazard is syncope (16.1%). Furthermore, the major health problems reported by bakers during the last six months were musculoskeletal problems (55.1%), and the least was gastrointestinal (4.5%). The total adequate score of their knowledge about first aids increased from 9.0% before sessions to 100.0% after sessions; moreover, none of bakery workers had satisfactory first aids practices at pre-educational sessions compared with 76.4% after the intervention. Additionally, none of the bakery workers before intervention performed practices of ergonomic maneuver, whereas after intervention implementation, the percentage increased to 84.3%.
The post-test score was higher than the pretest score in both knowledge and practices about first aid and ergonomic maneuver.
Continuous educational intervention should be initiated for all workers of bakeries in Sharkia Governorate to raise their knowledge and practices about first aid and ergonomics related to occupational hazards.
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* Source: CrossRef
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